928 474-2985 office
800 472-5566 toll free
877  804-5066 fax


plastic terms


CLTE                                 Co-efficient of linear thermal expansion Eg: pvc .000035 per inch per degree of temperature
                                          change from ambient F.

DUROMETER                   Hardness of plastic measured by the resistance of indentation. Shore A for softer plastic
                                          Shore D for harder plastic.

MELT INDEX                    An ease of flow measurement for a thermoplastic defined as the mass of plastic in grams
                                          flowing in 10 minutes through a specific size orifice.

IMPACT                            A physical property and measurement of the relative impact strength of different materials
STRENGTH                      using a drop dart impact tester.

PLASTICIZER                  A substance added to plastic materials to increase softness or flexibility

DIE LINES                        Horizontal or longitudinal lines or marks on the extruded surface

FLEXURAL                       The physical property and measurement of a materials relative stiffness to deflection under
MODULUS                        pressure or tension.

DRAW DOWN                   Pulling the extrusion from the die at a linear speed higher than that at which the material
                                           is naturally emerging from the die. This brings the extrusion into the correct dimension.

ELONGATION                  The stretching of plastic material which changes dimensions.

THERMOPLASTIC          Materials that become soft when heated and solid when cooled over and over again.

THERMOSET                   Materials that experience a chemical change during processing that become solid and stay
                                          solid even if heated again.

ELASTOMER                    Flexible materials that can be stretched up to twice their length at room temperature and
                                           return to their original length when released.

CRYSTALLINE                 Stronger and stiffer materials that process at a higher temperature with a narrow window
                                          from solid to liquid. Eg: polyethylene and nylon. Can’t be melted again.

AMORPHOUS                  Disorganized polymer chains that melt at lower temperatures gradually. Eg: pvc and abs.
                                          Not as strong and stiff as crystalline plastics. Can be melted and solidified many times.

CLTE  –  Co-efficient of linear thermal expansion Eg: pvc .000035 per inch per degree of temperature change from ambient F.

DUROMETER  –  Hardness of plastic measured by the resistance of indentation. Shore A for softer plastic Shore D for harder plastic.

MELT INDEX   –  An ease of flow measurement for a thermoplastic defined as  the mass of plastic in grams flowing in 10 minutes through a specific size orifice.

IMPACT  STRENGTH  –  A physical property and measurement of the relative impact strength of different materials using a drop dart impact tester.

PLASTICIZER  –  A substance added to plastic materials to increase softness or flexibility

DIE LINES  –  Horizontal or longitudinal lines or marks on the extruded surface

FLEXURAL MODULUS  –  The physical property and measurement of a materials relative stiffness to deflection under pressure or tension.

DRAW DOWN  –  Pulling the extrusion from the die at a linear speed higher than that at which the material is naturally emerging from the die. This brings the extrusion into the correct dimension.

ELONGATION  –  The stretching of plastic material which changes dimensions.

THERMOPLASTIC  –  Materials that become soft when heated and solid when cooled over and over again.

THERMOSET  –  Materials that experience a chemical change during processing that become solid and stay solid even if heated again.

ELASTOMER  –  Flexible materials that can be stretched up to twice their length at room temperature and return to their original length when released.

CRYSTALLINE  –  Stronger and stiffer materials that process at a higher temperature with a narrow window from solid to liquid.Eg: polyethylene and nylon. Can’t be melted again.

AMORPHOUS  –  Disorganized polymer chains that melt at lower temperatures gradually. Eg: pvc and abs. Not as strong and stiff as crystalline plastics. Can be melted and solidified many times.

 

 

SRG Plastics © Copyright 2022 – All Rights Reserved